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Maternal, infant antiretroviral therapy decreases mother-to-child transmission of HIV

KEY POINT

According to two recently published studies in the New England Journal of Medicine, the administration of antiretroviral therapy to HIV-infected women who are pregnant or nursing and to infants significantly decreased mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

SOURCES

Chasela CS et al. Maternal or infant antiretroviral drugs to reduce HIV-1 transmission. N Engl J Med. 2010;362:2271–81.

Shapiro RL et al. Antiretroviral regimens in pregnancy and breast-feeding in Botswana. N Engl J Med. 2010;362:2282– 94.

Mofenson LM. Protecting the next generation—eliminating perinatal HIV-1 infection [editorial]. N Engl J Med. 2010;362:2316–18.