Psychiatry

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Medical Costs Higher, Other Conditions Common in Children with ADHD

KEY POINT

Children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a wide variety of comorbid conditions and tend to have more accidents and poisonings than do people without the psychiatric disease. As a result, their health costs are significantly higher. In a separate development, the U.S. Surgeon General has called for renewed emphasis on detection and treatment of mental illnesses in individuals in this age group.

SOURCES

Leibson CL et al. Use and costs of medical care for children and adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. JAMA. 2001;285:60–6. www.jama.com. National Institute of Mental Health.

National action agenda for children’s mental health. www.surgeongeneral.gov/cmh/default.htm.

The MTA Cooperative Group. A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999;56:1073–86. www.archgenpsychiatry.com.